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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 2:47 am 
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To set the scene, just click and minimise the following musical link

Theme Music

Just when you thought it was quite in Portugal, the peace
and tranquillity of the region is about to be disturbed by a
conflict which has engulfed much of central and eastern
europe as Napoleons victorious armies sweep all before
them at the Battles of Austerlitz, Jena and Friedland.
Now with most of Europe under his control - his attentions
are drawn to Portugal, who have defied all requests to
break off commercial trade with Britain.

French troops marching into Spain 1807:

French army columns, marching into Spain

Therefore a French army is sent under the command of
General Junot which crosses Spain into Portugal and
occupies the country with little resistance.
The royal family only just managing to escape to Brazil, a
couple of days before Lisbon falls to the French.

Napoleon leading his troops at the Battle of Austerlitz:

Image

Image

The Austerlitz campaign, December 1805

For those soldiers and campfollowers involved in the Battle of Austerlitz
over in the Czech Republic, it was much more than a battle - it was
a full campaign.
Strung out over 5 days, this video tells the story leading up to the
battle, as Napoleon's french outposts, quartered in villages,
east of Brno.
Come under attack from several brigades of the Austro-Russian army.
Harried by the Czars cossacks, the french retreat in good order
until their final fatal encounter on the battlefield of Austerlitz,
east of Brno.

Click on film clip text below, to see the preliminary skirmishes between the two armies

Film clips of the french falling back before the Russian and Austrian advance

The battle of Austerlitz as broadcast live on Czech TV:

Ceska Television, live 2 hour coverage of Napoleon's Battle of Austerlitz

BBC News report of the Battle of Austerlitz, including video report
on Napoleon's greatest victory:


BBC News coverage of the Battle, near Brno

BBC news report on Napoleon's vctory over the Prussian's at Jena:

BBC News report of Napoleon's victory over the Prussians at Jena

Interesting account of the Jena Campaign of 1806

The Jena Campaign against the Prussians in 1806

Russian TV report on Napoleons victory at Jena in Germany:

Russian TV news report of Napoleon's victory

German TV film of Napoleon Boneparte's entry to Berlin and
his speech after receiving the keys to the city:


German Television report on Napoleon's entry into Berlin, following his victory at Jena

National Flag of the Kingdom of Portugal 1707 - 1816

Image


Heres a humourous account of the events leading up to the evacuation
of the Portuguese royal family from Lisbon in November 1807


Don John VI goes to Brazil part 1

Don John VI sails for Brazil, part1

Don John VI goes to Brazil part 2

Don John VI sails for Brazil, part2

British landings in Portugal & the Vimeiro campaign of 1808:

French soldiers under the command of General Junot have been
siezing key cities and garrisons for the emperor and the Portuguese
government, outraged by events, have called upon their old
ally Britain to come to her aid.
Consequently a British force under the command of Sir Arthur
Wellesley has been landing troops this week at Mondego bay
( Figueira da Foz ) 120 miles north of Lisbon.
Having secured the beachead Wellesley will link up with his
Portuguese allies before advancing on Lisbon ( still held by the French )
General Junot therefore sends a small force under General Delaborde
to block the british advance at the village of Roliça.
aving set the scene, the dye is cast - therefore expats are advised
to beware of all military operations north of Torres Vedras.

To mark the occasion of the start of the Pennisular Wars in Portugal.
The BBC is running a very interesting radio documentary on Radio 4
all week called, At War with Wellington where BBC presenters,
Peter and Dan Snow follow in the footsteps of Sir Arthur Wellesley
( Lord Wellington ) and the British army during the Penninsular War -
starting with the landings in Mondego Bay.

At War with Wellington - taking you through the Peninsular campaign
starting with the british landings in Portugal ( includes video report )


http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/wellington/

The full Radio 4 series - listen again to At War with Wellington:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/wellington/audio.shtml

Conclusion of the Sharpe theme music


Last edited by Capt William on Fri Jun 06, 2014 9:36 pm, edited 53 times in total.

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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 6:44 am 
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Posts: 5931
Location: Lousã
Where can I enlist Capt? :lol:

Oh, and welcome to the forum 8)

Private Pownall

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www.expatsportugal.com


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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 9:43 am 
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Location: Lisboa>>>>>Londres
Excellent Capt.

and encyclopedia.com has a MAP of the scene of a battle.

I have been through Vimeiro many times when staying with family in Santa Cruz. Very pretty; now (since 1845) famous for it's mineral water.

On the hills of Torres Vedras you can see little fortress thingies. I've been told that they are from Wellington's day.

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"life's a beach"


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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 10:06 am 
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Quote:
Where can I enlist Capt?
Oh, and welcome to the forum
Private Pownall


Thanks Private Pownall and greetings to all fellow expats in Portugal.

As you know the British landings in Portugal continue, with the royal
navy ferrying troops ashore from our fleet anchored in Mondego bay,
where Wellesley hopes to secure a beachead, before marching
on Lisbon.


In the months leading upto the british landings in Portugal, the
royal navy has been busy engaging French and Spanish troops
( still loyal to France ) garrisoning many islands and forts off the
Spanish coast.

Here we see royal navy ships attacking a fort on Tenerife:

Image

Many Spainiards hearing the arrival of British ships in the bay
recorded the early morning bombardment of the fort, followed by
an overnight street battle.

Royal navy frigate bombarding the spanish fort:

Royal naval frigate, bombarding Spanish fort

Royal naval frigate, bombarding Spanish fort, cont

Overnight street battle between royal navy sailors, supported by
marines against spanish troops:


Street battle between Royal Marines and spanish troops,1

Street battle between Royal Marines and spanish troops,2

Battle of Tenerife as shown Spanish television:

Spanish TV report of the fighting in Tenerife

These attacks and the activities of other royal navy ships along the
Portuguese coast have kept the French guessing when and where
the British landing will be in Portugal.

Image

The Portuguese student insurrection

The origins of the Portuguese insurrection against Junot's occupation
of Portugal, lies with the students and teachers of Coimbra University.
Who fermented by popular feelings of outrage against french rule
decided to take matters into their own hands by siezing the towns
armoury before evicting the french garrison from Coimbra.

Following this success, the students formed a University battalion
and marched to the coast at Figueira da Foz, taking the fort
of Santa Catarina almost completely by surprise before freeing
Mondego bay from the french patrols.
This rebellion proved opportune for the British who were seeking
a safe anchorage, from where they can land Wellesley's army.

Coimbra University students rebel against the french

British Landings in Mondego Bay

Yesterday was a big day as hundreds of troops were brought ashore,
despite the Atlantic surf common along this area of coastline.
Although Portuguese students had siezed the old fort prior to their
arrival, reports that a French force was in the area, required the
British to form up ready to engage the enemy on landing.

BBC Series, At War with Wellington, Mondego Bay

Soldiers shortening sail before landing:

Image

British troops boarding boats

Image

Royal navy rowing troops ashore:

Image

British troops about to disembark:

Image

Soldiers gathering their equipment on shore

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Soldiers loading muskets on the beach

Image

With Napoleon's troops nearby, Wellesley's taking no chances
by forming up his troops ready to engage the french:


Image

British troops firing at a french patrol trying to stop the landings:

Image

_________________
The first in the field and the last from the Taverna.


Last edited by Capt William on Fri Feb 01, 2013 9:09 pm, edited 32 times in total.

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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 2:08 pm 
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Joined: Wed May 14, 2008 10:16 am
Posts: 39
Location: Almadena
Aaaa... my past catches up with me again......

Lets hope they do not press me this time....

NA or ENS or both?

Phil

(ex sailing master for the HMS www.hms.org.uk )

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Phil and Beverley


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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 11:09 pm 
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Joined: Fri Jan 04, 2008 11:50 pm
Posts: 588
Location: Sao Gregorio Portugal
:D



"Shiver me timbers ! "They look a right scurvy lot !


Aargh.

:lol:


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PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2008 12:29 am 
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Posts: 6881
What wonderful, wonderful pictures. Ali

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As Winston said, even if you are a minority of one it does not make you wrong.1984 George Orwell


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PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2008 4:18 pm 
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Joined: Sun Aug 03, 2008 9:00 pm
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British troops begin their advance on Lisbon

Following the successful landings at Mondego bay. The British
under Wellesley join forces with a local Portuguese force, who
inform the British that the French are barring the road to Lisbon
at an all important river crossing.

British troops join forces with the Portuguese browncoats:

Image

Wellesley decides to send his riflemen forward to reconnoitre the
position and soon encounters the French barricading the bridge
across the river.

British riflemen exchanging fire with the french:

Image

French troops blockading the bridge with a cannon:

Image

Therefore Wellesley moves more troops forward and a battle
begins for the all important river crossing.

Image

Finally the British attack proves too much for the french who fall
back in disarray, leaving the British to continue their march
on Lisbon.

Image


Image

Meanwhile the French force sent out by Junot, to block Wellesley's
advance on Lisbon. Is already on the road marching to meet
the British advance at Roliça.
Here General Delaborde hopes to delay the british long enough for
the main french army to meet the British before they reach Lisbon.

French troops under General Delaborde marching to meet Wellesley:

Image

In the meantime the Portuguese have been well prepared for the
upcoming battle with posters and leaflets warning residents to
watch out for the battles that are likely to take place on
16th August.

Image

British residents, alarmed by the news, have been stocking up
with food before barricading themselves in their villas - with
Union Jacks flying defiantly from their window ledges.

Naturally Wellesley hopes to break through the french rearguard
at Roliça and proceed with all haste, to meet the main french army
under Junot at the Battle of Vimeiro. Although I'm sure Wellesley
never envisaged that the battle of Vimiero will be refought as
quickly as this months battle, as it will be refought at
6pm on 16th August.

As usual, please click & minimise the concluding theme music:

Johnny has gone for a Soldier

_________________
The first in the field and the last from the Taverna.


Last edited by Capt William on Fri Feb 01, 2013 9:13 pm, edited 14 times in total.

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PostPosted: Fri Aug 08, 2008 11:10 am 
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Location: Nr. Carregal Do Sal
Currently on Radio 4, all this week - At War with Wellington. Use BBC Radio 4 listen again and find out from diaries and written accounts about the Peninsular War campaign.......very enlightening.


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PostPosted: Sat Aug 09, 2008 3:33 am 
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Quote:
Use BBC Radio 4 listen again and find out from diaries and
written accounts about the Peninsular War campaign.......very
enlightening


Thanks ithepider - although expats should note these recordings
are only available for a week on the BBC website. So logon now
if you want to hear the Radio4 series and see video clips.

In the meantime the british advance continues steadily along the
road to Lisbon with our portuguese allies acquiting themselves
well against an obstinate and determined french adversary in
northern Portugal.
The 95th rifles, leading the advance, have been doing stirling
work in softning up French efforts to impede our progress.
Naturally the arrival of british troops in Portugal has been
greeted with cheers and flag waving along the way, with
Portuguese flags very much in evidence.

Although I have no more photos of the advance - these video
clips perfectly illustrate the skirmishes and battles that have
been taking place in Portugal.

March past and street fighting:

March past & street fighting

British and Portuguese battle Napoleon's troops in Spain

British & Portuguese troops battling Napoleon's troops,1

British & Portuguese troops battling Napoleon's troops,2

Anyway all goes well with the british advance. 8)

_________________
The first in the field and the last from the Taverna.


Last edited by Capt William on Fri Feb 01, 2013 10:17 pm, edited 9 times in total.

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